SAM D21 Peripheral Access Controller (PAC) Overview

Module Overview

The SAM devices are fitted with a Peripheral Access Controller (PAC) that can be used to lock and unlock write access to a peripheral's registers. Locking a peripheral minimizes the risk of unintended configuration changes to a peripheral as a consequence of Run-away Code or use of a Faulty Module Pointer.

Physically, the PAC restricts write access through the Advanced High-performance Bus (AHB) to registers used by the peripheral, making the register non-writable. PAC locking of modules should be implemented in configuration critical applications where avoiding unintended peripheral configuration changes are to be regarded as the highest of priorities.

All interrupts must be disabled while a peripheral is unlocked to make sure correct lock/unlock scheme is upheld.

Locking Scheme

The module has a built-in safety feature requiring that an already locked peripheral is not relocked and that already unlocked peripherals are not unlocked again. Attempting to unlock an already unlocked peripheral or attempting to lock a peripheral that is currently locked will generate a CPU exception. This implies that the implementer must keep strict control over the peripheral's lock-state before modifying them. With this added safety, the probability of stopping runaway code increases as the program pointer can be caught inside the exception handler, and necessary countermeasures can be initiated. The implementer should also consider using sanity checks after an unlock has been performed to further increase the security. A recommended implementation of the PAC can be seen in the figure below.

PAC-Recommended-Implementation.PNG

 Learn More

 
SAM D21 Peripheral Access Controller (PAC) Configuration
Learn more >
 
SAM D21 Peripheral Access Controller Example Project (GCC)
Learn more >
© 2018 Microchip Technology, Inc.
Notice: ARM and Cortex are the registered trademarks of ARM Limited in the EU and other countries.
Information contained on this site regarding device applications and the like is provided only for your convenience and may be superseded by updates. It is your responsibility to ensure that your application meets with your specifications. MICROCHIP MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND WHETHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WRITTEN OR ORAL, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE, RELATED TO THE INFORMATION, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ITS CONDITION, QUALITY, PERFORMANCE, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR PURPOSE. Microchip disclaims all liability arising from this information and its use. Use of Microchip devices in life support and/or safety applications is entirely at the buyer's risk, and the buyer agrees to defend, indemnify and hold harmless Microchip from any and all damages, claims, suits, or expenses resulting from such use. No licenses are conveyed, implicitly or otherwise, under any Microchip intellectual property rights.