The Effective Number Of Bits (ENOB) value for an Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) is computed by substituting the measured signal-to-noise ratio plus distortion (SINAD) value into the equation that describes the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) for an ideal analog-to-digital (ADC) and solving for N, the number of bits. The equation below shows the calculation for ENOB.(1)
The ENOB is usually presented for a range of input frequencies and tells the designer how accurate the converter is as a function of input frequency and the chosen sampling rate. The Figure below shows a graphical example of ENOB data taken from an ADC. Note that the sampling frequency and operating conditions have been specified.