The first part of this lab exercise shows how to transfer data via the Transparent Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter (UART) service using an iOS smartphone. The second part of the lab uses Microchip's Smart Discover app to connect to the BM71 module, and briefly discusses how you can configure LED1 on the PICtail™ to indicate different module statuses (Standby, Connected, etc.).
- Configure the BM71 module to be used in Auto Pattern mode.
- Use the Bluetooth Smart Data app to communicate with the module via the Transparent UART service
- Learn how to configure the blink rate of LED1 on the BM71 PICtail to indicate different BLEDK3 statuses.
This lab uses a BM71 PICtail with version 1.06 of the firmware. If you don't have at least v1.06, go to the Firmware Upgrade page to update your BM71 module.
- Apple Smartphone
- iOS version 5 or later
- BT 4.0 or higher hardware
- MCP2200 Windows® Drivers & Installer
- UI Configuration Tool
- Bluetooth Smart Data (iOS)
- Smart Discover App (iOS)
- Smart Discover App (Android)
- Terminal Emulator
- Windows/MAC/Linux: CoolTerm
Be sure to install the MCP2200 USB drivers before starting. Also, download and extract the UI Configuration Tool to your PC using the link above. Lastly, make sure you have installed the Bluetooth Smart Data (iOS) and the Smart Discover app on your smartphone.
Auto Pattern Mode State Machine
The picture above represents the basic flow chart for the Auto Pattern Mode state machine. After the device is powered on, it will enter the Standby State which means that the BM71 module is discoverable and connectable to a peer device. Then, it can enter the Link State which means that the BM71 module is connected to a peer device and is exchanging data; this state also processes how the device responds if disconnected. Lastly, the module enters the Shutdown State.
Connect to BM71
Connect the BM71 PICtail to your PC via the USB connector (bottom-side of the board) using the supplied USB Cable. Ensure the jumpers J3, JP8, J1 (all yellow in this photo) are set as shown:
Place the module in Test Mode by setting SW7 in the ON position, then press SW5 (reset) to reset the module.
The Module's basic operating mode (Test/Application) is sampled and established on a module reset condition. We recommend pressing the Reset (SW5) push-button whenever SW7 is first changed, or when you want to be sure that SW7 is sampled and applied by the module.
With Jumper JP8 shorted, LED1 will be lit (BLUE) indicating the module is in Test Mode, as shown above.
Launch the User Interface Configuration Tool
After extracting files from the User Interface (UI) Configuration Tool .zip file, double click on the application file called IS187x_102_BLEDK3_UI v100.132.exe to launch the utility.
Immediately after launch, the Start Menu window will pop up. Before we can do anything with this tool, we must load a UI parameter table. One way to load the UI parameters is using an existing UI text file.
Click on Load in the Start Menu window.
Edit Text File
Once the text file has been loaded, the Edit button will be enabled. Click on Edit.
When you press the Edit button to start editing UI parameters, the Main Feature window will pop up. This window is where the user will select the target application. BLEDK3 supports all BLE operations, while the Beacon mode is used for non-connectable advertising only. If BeaconThings is selected, the module will support both BLEDK and Beacon operations.
For the purposes of this demo, we will only select BLEDK 0x01: BM71 and then click OK.
The main dialog window opens up providing all the parameter options that we can change. The first setting we will change during this lab is the Name Fragment under the Device Information section. In this case I chose to name the module DeveloperHelp. This is the name that will be displayed in the scan results.
The Name Fragment identifier becomes the module's GAP Service Device Name characteristic.
In the Uart Setting box, select the pull-down to Disable this feature as shown below:
When enabled, this feature places the module into a lower power mode, shutting off its UART RX operation. The host MCU then needs to drive this pin high to enable subsequent packet I/O operations.
After that window closes, select Write on the Start Menu window that remains open.
It is useful to Save a UI Configuration file if you will use those certain settings repeatedly. You will save time by being able to Load the text file instead of having to go back and Edit all the settings from the default file.
On the window that pops up, select the COM port that has been assigned to your BM71 PICtail (Step 1a). For Baudrate select 115200 and then click on Write.
You can now start exchanging data. Once you have typed your message on the app, press Send and you will immediately see it on the CoolTerm window.
As you are typing on the CoolTerm window, the message will appear on the Smart Data app.
As you can see, whatever you type into the Smart Data app on the iOS device will show on the CoolTerm window and vice versa.
Smart Discover App (iOS and Android)
Launch the Smart Discover app on your smartphone and tap on your module's name to connect to it. The app will immediately list all the preloaded services on the module.
If you would like to see how the information found within the app can be useful, please visit the BM71 GATT Server Demo (Public Service) page
Besides showing Connected under State, you can verify you have established a link to your BM71 by taking a look at the PICtail itself. LED1 should be blinking twice every 1.5 seconds which is the default setting. The LED blink rate is something that you can customize using the User Interface Tool (see screenshot below).
If you have an Android phone or tablet, you can download the Smart Discover App (found in the Software Tools section of this page) and connect to your BM71 module that way.
Lastly, you can tap on Disconnect to drop the link between the smartphone and the BM71. LED1 will go back to flashing once every three seconds to show it is now on Standby mode. Again, this setting can be customized using the UI Tool.
In this lab you:
- Worked with the Transparent UART Service built into the BM71 module.
- Learned that LED1 on the BM71 PICtail can be customized to indicate what state the module is currently in.