Getting Started with TrustFLEX for IP Protection

This page shows you how to use TrustFLEX to demonstrate the usage of IP protection by authenticating the TrustFLEX device connected to the host. It uses symmetric authentication where both the host and TrustFLEX devices share a common secret.

TrustFLEX is a pre-configured and partially pre-provisioned secure element to ensure that a product with the consumables it uses, firmware it runs, accessories that support it, and the network nodes it connects to are not cloned, counterfeited, or tampered with. It is one of three ATECC608A sub-families (including Trust&GO and TrustCUSTOM) found on the CryptoAuth Trust Platform evaluation kit.

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The CryptoAuth Trust Platform includes hardware prototyping tools along with a unique design suite to accelerate the prototyping of commonly implemented use cases (e.g., IoT authentication, firmware validation (Secure Boot), IP protection, custom public key infrastructure, etc.). The presence of three sub-families allows for a wide variety of flexibility for implementation, based on the complexity of the application.

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CryptoAuth Trust Platform

 Materials

Hardware Tools

Tool About Purchase
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CryptoAuth Trust Platform
Evaluation Kit

The CryptoAuth Trust Platform evaluation kit includes an on-board Embedded Debugger (EDBG).

Software Tools

Tool About Installers
Installation
Instructions
Windows Linux Mac OSX
MPLAB® X
Integrated Development Environment
MPLAB® XC32
C/C++ Compiler
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Trust Platform DesignSuite
Includes Anaconda Navigator & Jupyter Notebook

The Trust Platform Design Suite also includes example projects for the Atmel Studio 7 IDE.

1. TrustFLEX Devices

TrustFLEX devices (part number ATECC608A-TFLXTLS) are a pre-configured and partially pre-provisioned Secure Element.

1.1 Features:

  • Cloud Platform Support: Google Cloud, AWS IoT, AWS GreenGrass, and Microsoft Azure
  • Secure Boot Firmware validation
  • Secure Over The Air (OTA) upgrade
  • Custom Public Key Infrastructure (PKI)
  • IP/Firmware protection
  • Accessory and Disposable authentication

1.2 Device Customization Process:

There are five steps involved in customizing the TrustFLEX device:

  1. Select a Pre-defined Use Case(s) from the TrustFLEX use case library.
  2. Generate the development keys and certificates using the Jupyter Notebook resource generator.
  3. Prototype the Use Case(s) in the Jupyter Notebook.
  4. Test the Use Case(s) on an embedded platform using the MPLAB® projects provided in the suite.
  5. Generate the secret exchange for production.

2. Open Jupyter Notebook

Jupyter Notebook is an application packaged along with other packages in the Anaconda Distribution. Jupyter Notebook is an open-source web application that allows you to create documents that contain code and narrative text that can be executed in place. It provides Graphical User Interface (GUI) elements, the ability to add images, and provides an interactive look that is absent in normal code files.

The cells of the Notebook can be used to write code or text using markdown. The code cells contain executable code and the text cells contain the explanation of the code's functionality.

Choose your operating system from the tabs below:

1

Select the Windows Start icon.

2

Select Notebook (trust_platform) in the recently added group.

  • If you don't see it, type "Notebook" in the search bar.
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The Trust Platform DesignTools folder is shown below.

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3. TrustFLEX Resource Generator:

The Resource Generator Notebook supports the development of Cryptographic Keys, Custom Root, and Signer Keys to issue device certificates and prototype the TrustFLEX devices with development keys and certificates.

TrustFLEX devices come with pre-programmed certificates in slots 10, 11, and 12. Slots zero-four have pre-generated private keys, other than these mentioned slots all the other slots have no data in them.

The Resource Generator Notebook will create development keys and certificates for all slots that can be further customized. Keys and certificate chains are stored in the PC filesystem and not generated in a secure environment.

Note: This tool is used for development purposes only and not for mass production. The keys and certificate chains are not generated in a secure environment.

3.1 Setting up the Hardware:

  • Plug-in the CryptoAuth Trust Platform to the PC using the USB cable.
  • The Design Suite is set up such that it communicates with the TrustFLEX device only.

3.2 Using the Trust Platform Suite for TrustFLEX:

  • Open the Jupyter Notebook and navigate to the Resource Generation Notebook and click to open it.
  • Double click on Crypto Resource Generator.ipynb to proceed ahead.

Folder Structure

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Crypto Resource Generator

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  • Execute each cell using Cell > Run Cell and observe the output of each successfully executed code cell.
  • If the Notebook has already been executed before, then Kernel > Restart and Clean Output helps to start the refresh; the output of the script is shown.
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  • Once all the cells are executed, you are prompted to choose between the MCHP certificate or a custom created certificate.

This enables you to select the certificate chain for the examples. If MCHP certificates are selected, then the resources would be generated to handle default MCHP certificates. If custom certificates are selected, then it would be prompted for information, such as Organization Name, to include in the custom certificates being generated.

  • Choose the required certificate by entering a number into the box
    • MCHP Certificate: "1"
    • Custom Certificate: "2"
    • For this example, enter the number 2 (custom certificate) in the certificate type box.
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TrustFLEX devices only use custom certificates for the AWS custom PKI use-case. For all other TrustFLEX use-cases, this selection is irrelevant because they don't use certificates.

  • A prompt will open asking you to enter the Organization Name. Choose any name (or a random set of characters) but make sure the name does not exceed 24 characters.
  • Once the Organization name has been entered, the output will be as follows:
  • The Notebook will also generate a manifest file to be uploaded into the public cloud of your choice (Google GCP, AWS IoT, and soon to be supported, Microsoft Azure).

After running this Notebook, it generates the required resources and program data zone with required secrets, keys, and certificates. For this use case, the secret key is loaded into the TrustFLEX device (ATECC608A) in slot 5.

4. Use Case Prototyping:

This hands-on lab is intended to demonstrate the usage of IP protection by authenticating the TrustFLEX device connected to the host. It uses symmetric authentication where both the host and TrustFLEX devices share a common secret.

This process uses a challenge-response model. In this model, the host authenticates the TrustFLEX device based on Message Authentication Code (MAC) response. MAC is calculated on the TrustFLEX device to prove that it holds the secret key that is shared by the host. Then the calculated MAC will be verified by the host to continue using IP.

MAC calculation on TrustFLEX includes device serial number, nonce (number used once) and shared secret key. By including serial number and nonce, the host can get a unique MAC from each TrustFLEX every time, thereby avoiding replay attacks.

The following sections provide detailed steps to execute this use case on Jupyter Notebook and an embedded project.

4.1 Running IP Protection example on Jupyter Notebook

  • From the Jupyter Home page, navigate to the TFLXTLS_Use_Cases\notebooks\ ipprotection\IP Protection with ECC608A-TFLXTLS Tutorial.ipynb notebook file and open it.
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Opening the notebook from the Jupyter home page should load the following on the browser:

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  • Run All Cells by selecting Kernel > Restart & Run All.
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  • It may take a while for the cells to complete processing. The circle beside the "Python 3" text in the graphics below indicate if the kernel is running (full circle) or idle (empty circle).
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  • Navigate through different cells output for the description of the step and result from the execution.

4.1.1 Generate MAC from the TrustFLEX device

The code block of this step generates a random challenge and expects TrustFLEX to provide the MAC for this challenge. The accessory calculates the MAC value by including its serial number, shared secret, and the challenge received from the host.

  • Calculate Nonce
    • To calculate the MAC, a nonce is used. The nonce is calculated based on the challenge which is initiated by the host. Then the calculated nonce will be stored in tempkey on TrustFLEX and on the host.
  • Calculate MAC on the accessory device
    • The MAC is calculated on the accessory device to prove that the accessory device has access and holds the secret key which is shared by the host. The accessory device MAC is calculated with the accessory device serial number, calculated nonce, and secret key.
  • The calculated MAC will be sent to the host to authenticate the accessory device.
  • The following screenshot shows the accessory device MAC.
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4.1.2 Verify the expected MAC on the host

The code block of this step generates the Verify MAC button. Clicking the button performs a checkmac operation to verify if the MAC received from the accessory matches the host challenge, accessory serial number, and shared secret key. If any of these don't match, the checkmac operation fails indicating the accessory is not authentic.

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  • In Jupyter Notebook, run cells till the end of the notebook. You will see a Verify MAC button appear. Press the button. It will turn green if the accessory device is authenticated by the MCU or it will turn red indicating a failure to verify.

4.2 Running Accessory-Authentication on Embedded platform

This use case can also be executed on an embedded platform. Once the resources are generated, both Atmel Studio 7 and MPLAB X IDE projects provided can be used to run the application on the CryptoAuth Trust Platform.

Remember to provision the TrustFLEX device (execute the TrustFLEX Resource Generator notebook) before using these projects.

Select the IDE of your choice from the tabs below:

1

Open the example project in the IDE
Start the MPLAB X IDE and open the Accessory Authentication project.

  • Select File > Open Project.
  • Look in the trust_platform\DesignTools\TFLXTLS_Use_Cases\c\ip_protect\mplab folder.
  • Select the ip_protect.X file.
  • Click the Open Project button.
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The application source file ip_protect.c is found in this folder:
TFLXTLS_Use_Cases\c\ip_protect

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2

Program the CryptoAuth Trust Platform
Click the Make and Program Device icon and wait for the "Programming complete” message to be displayed in the Output window.

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Once the programming is done, the firmware will perform the IP Protection operation. Depending on the IP Protection operation’s output, the Cryptoauth Trust Platform board’s status LED will blink at different rates.

  • Success: LED blinks once every second.
  • Fail: LED blinks five times every second.

It is also possible to view the console messages by using a terminal emulation program (i.e., TeraTerm). Open the application with the COM port related to the CryptoAuth Trust Platform with 115200-8-N-1 settings.

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5. CryptoAuth Trust Platform factory reset

Programming the CryptoAuth Trust Platform evaluation kit with this example project overwrites the project that was programmed onto the board when you received it. This project enables the board to be configured with the Jupyter Notebook.

To reprogram your board with the original project from the factory, see this page.

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